One of the key features of this Architecture Biennale is the attention paid to the materials: all the designers involved were invited to display not only drawings and plastic models, but also concrete materials such as bricks, glass, metal, in order to physically prove the impact they can have on architectural space.
Through its different sections, Next was intended to suggest an enquiry on the most widespread constructive types: Housing, Museums, Communication, Education, Towers, Work, Shopping, Performance, Church and State, Masterplans, Italy.
To such section, where designs from the world’s major architects were displayed, an exhibition called City of Towers, is added, an independent section realized in collaboration with Alessi: some of today’s most renowned architects were asked to present the 1:100 model of a skyscraper. One year after the Twin Towers bombing in New York, this exhibition highlighted a new interest for vertical expansion and for skyscrapers, which ultimately can reaffirm the modernity of nowadays cities. The London Swiss RA headquarters by Norman Foster and the Torre Agbar in Barcelona by Jean Nouvel, both exhibited, are just some recent significant examples of skyscraper design.
At the Giardini, the Italian section at the Padiglione Italia was centered on a series of projects, some of which realized by foreign architects too, aiming at requalifying some Italian areas, such as the intervention on the San Michele cemetery in Venice by David Chipperfield. The USA Pavilion hosted a selection of shoots of September 11th, as well as suggestions for the restoration and the reconstruction of Ground Zero.
Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement: Toyo Ito