Born in Paris in 1947. At the age of twenty, he began his career as assistant director to Marguerite Duras, Marcel Carné, Roger Vadim. Before making his debut on the screen, he directed several television documentary films including a series on Jacques Lacan and psychoanalysis. His film debut came in 1976 with L’assassin musicien (The Musician Killer): his early titles also include Les Enfants du placard (Closet Children, 1977, with Lou Castel), Une villa aux environs de New York (1982, which was also the year of his first appearance at the Venice Film Festival in the section Mezzogiorno-Mezzanotte), Corps et biens (Lost with All Hands, 1986, starring Dominique Sanda, Lambert Wilson and Jean-Pierre Léaud). He returned to the Venice Film Festival in 1997, this time in Competition, with Le septième ciel (Seventh Heaven). His films always involve the exploration of everyday feelings, literature and the world of women: it is no coincidence that the main characters in his films are often women. This was true in L’école de la chair (The School of Flesh), screened at the 1998 Cannes Film Festival, and Pas de scandale (Keep it Quiet, 1999), which brought him back in Competition for the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival: both of them starred Isabelle Huppert. He was back in Venice in 2000 with Sade, starring Daniel Auteuil in the role of the Marquis De Sade, in 2001 with Tosca, an experimental adaptation of the opera by Puccini, and in 2006 with L’intouchable (The Untouchable), the story of a young Frenchman who discovers that his father was Indian, met by his mother during her travels, and decided to go find him. His latest film Les adieux à la reine (Farewell, My Queen, 2012, with Léa Seydoux, Diane Kruger and Virginie Ledoyen), the story of queen Marie Antoinette’s favorite reader, participated in the Berlin Film Festival, and won the Louis-Delluc prize and three César Awards.