fbpx Biennale Architettura 2021 | Matilde Cassani; Ignacio G. Galán; Ivan L. Munuera
La Biennale di Venezia

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Matilde Cassani; Ignacio G. Galán; Ivan L. Munuera

The Restroom Pavilion

  • TUE - SUN
    22/05 > 31/07
    11 AM - 7 PM

    01/08 > 21/11
    10 AM - 6 PM
  • Giardini
  • Admission with ticket

Matilde Cassani (Italian, b.1980), Ignacio G. Galán (Spanish, b.1982), and Iván L. Munuera (Spanish, b.1980) in collaboration with Leonardo Gatti (Italian, b.1991), Pablo Saiz del Rio (Spanish, b.1993), and Paula Vilaplana de Miguel (Spanish, b.1985)



Restrooms are often described as neutral facilities or mere utilitarian infrastructures catering to the universal needs of individuals, when in fact they are contested spaces that are shaped by and in turn shape the ways bodies and communities come together. Restrooms are architectures where gender, religion, race, ability, hygiene, health, environmental concerns, and the economy are defined culturally and articulated materially. This project presents the issues and conflicts raised by these facilities through an intervention in the public restrooms of the Giardini grounds at the Biennale. The Restroom Pavilion reflects on the aesthetic and technical role that tiling has played in sustaining modern and contemporary ideas of hygiene in the architecture of the restroom. Intervening in this key architectural material, the project unveils how hygiene has most times operated through the creation of increasingly isolating and discriminating practices (with the expulsion of waste to increasingly further spaces, the separation of genders, the eradication of ecosystemic relations, the normalization of activities, the division of tasks). Countering this tendency, the new tiling defined for this intervention conveys the conflicts and limitations of these hygienic practices in the pursuit of a more inclusive world within the restroom.


Elise Jaffe + Jeffrey Brown, Barnard College (Columbia University)
Princeton University School of Architecture
Yale University School of Architecture
Spanish Government – Ministry of Transport, Mobility and Urban Agenda
Acción Cultural Española (AC/E)

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Biennale Architettura
Biennale Architettura