fbpx Biennale Architettura 2021 | Philippines
La Biennale di Venezia

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Structures of Mutual Support

  • TUE - SUN
    22/05 > 31/07
    11 am - 7 pm

    01/08 > 21/11
    10 am - 6 pm
  • Arsenale
  • Admission with ticket

Commissioner: National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA), Arsenio “Nick” Lizaso, Chairman
Curators/Exhibitors: Framework Collaborative (GK Enchanted Farm Community and architects Sudarshan V. Khadka Jr. and Alexander Eriksson Furunes)


Mutual support is a mode of self-organisation and collaboration for communities to build resilience and to support each other through adversity or crisis, such as the changing seasons, natural disasters, and armed conflict. It exists in many forms around the world and its principles are rooted in empathy, care, and reciprocity. The Norwegian Dugnad, Brazilian Mutirão, and the Filipino Bayanihan are specific expressions of mutual support systems. Structures of Mutual Support is a critical exploration and enactment of mutual support as a method of architectural praxis that engages issues of resilience, transformation, climate change, and structures of power and resistance.

Biennale Sneak Peek

Image 1 – How will we live together?
19.11.08 - SToMS - Design Phase_Work in progress. The design was developed from the architectural concept of the grid, and the local concept of Maaliwalas. The grid was used to work in different scales, to budget the size of each program, to draw the space needed for the different activities and to locate them on a site-plan. The concept of Maaliwalas, which roughly translates to a space that is comfortable, bright and ventilated, guided the qualitative design decisions of the space, its orientation and openness.
Photo: Alexander Eriksson Furunes


Image 2 – Sneak peek of the project
20.02.15 - SToMS - Deconstruction_Mutual Support​. The library was planned, designed and built through a process of Bayanihan, the Filipino concept of Mutual support. As a tradition that predates the market economy, social and environmental sustainability determines the way decisions are made, resources utilized, the process of construction, maintenance and operation. As such, it offers a different set of values that can give shape to our built environment.
Photo: Antonette A. Aguilar

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Biennale Architettura
Biennale Architettura